ADD (Attention Deficit Disorder) and ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) are psychiatric disorders belonging to the area neurodevelopmental concerns. It causes problems in attention and concentration and result in hyperactivity and impulsive behaviors that is not suited for a person’s age. The symptoms of ADHD and ADD become noticeable from the age of six or seven years and are confirmed if it persists for more than 6 months at a stretch. ADHD in children affect attentiveness and result in poor academic performance. ADHD is three times more common in boys compared to girls and approximately of people diagnosed with ADHD disorder in childhood continue to show symptoms of it in adulthood.

Types of ADHD

There are three subtypes of ADHD:

  • Combined ADHD – the most common type of ADHD which includes inattentiveness and impulsivity.
  • Inattentive ADHD – also known as ADD, is marked by trouble in attention and concentration.
  • Hyperactive-impulsive ADHD – which is marked by only hyperactivity but not inattentiveness.

Some Symptoms of ADD/ADHD

The main ADHD symptoms include hyperactivity, inattention and impulsivity. These symptoms become more apparent as the child enters a strict academic environment which requires attention and concentration.

A child suffering from ADHD shows the following symptoms:

Inability to pay attention to lessons

Make repeated careless mistakes in lessons and other activities.

Easily distracted by irrelevant stimuli that is usually ignored by others.


Frequently shift from one activity to another without completing either.

Inability to hold attention on tasks and activities.

Forgetfulness in carrying out daily activities.

Causes of ADD/ ADHD

The exact causes of ADHD are not known yet, but experts hold the view that it is influenced by strong genetic components. Some of the possible causes related to ADD and ADHD are as follows:

A child suffering from ADHD shows the following symptoms:

Low levels of neurotransmitters in the brain is linked to ADHD.

Smoking and alcohol consumption during pregnancy has been linked to increased risk of ADHD in children.

Children with low birth weight are also at increased risk of developing ADHD.

Injury to the frontal lobe of the head increase chances of ADHD.

Exposure to environmental toxins such as PCBs, pesticides and metals like lead in early life can cause ADHD in adults.

Brain Function Training (BFT) for ADD/ADHD

BFT plays a very important role in the treatment for ADHD and ADD.

  • Brain Function Training is also used to treat the symptoms of ADHD and ADD in both children and adults.
  • The best long term and permanent training for ADHD is through therapies that enhance brain functioning.

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