• The primary symptom is persistent pain that lasts weeks to years.
  • The pain may be caused by inflammation or dysfunctional nerves.
  • Treatments include medication, acupuncture, electrical stimulation, cognitive behavioural therapy and surgery.
  • Psychological treatment includes cognitive behavioral therapy and acceptance and commitment therapy.
  • Severe chronic pain is associate with increased 10year mortality, particularly from heart disease and respiratory disease.

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