An epileptic seizure is commonly known as a “fit”. It causes uncontrolled shaking and jerking movement and momentary loss of awareness. Epileptic seizures are caused by momentary abnormal synchronous neuronal activity. A person experiencing an epilepsy seizure may fall down, cry out, shake violently and lose bladder control. After the attack, the person comes back to consciousness but becomes extremely exhausted. In most people, seizures happen occasionally, but in others it can happen numerous times a day. There are various kinds of epilepsy and it is one of the oldest identified brain disorders that had been discussed by early physicians like Hippocrates. It is a brain disorder that is caused when clusters of neurons respond abnormally at times that cause convulsions, spasms and loss of consciousness.
Seizures are not always instigated by epilepsy and doctors have categorized more than 30 different types of seizures which are divided into two main categories – Focal Seizures and Generalized Seizures.
Symptoms of epilepsy seizures are determined by the part of the brain affected by the seizure and have a wide range of symptoms.
There are numerous causes of epilepsy and seizures. Anything that interrupts the normal functioning of the brain cells or neurons can cause seizures. Some known causes of epilepsy are as follows: