Learning disability is one of the neurological disorders in which children face problem in processing situations and instructions, which in turn interfere with learning and related skills such as reading, writing, solving calculations. Learning disabilities in children can lead to problems of abstract reasoning, time planning, organization and short and long term memory in the future. Learning disabilities not only affect the academic performance of the child, it also takes toll on his emotions and level of self-confidence. Proper assessment and right diagnosis is extremely important to treat this disorder effectively. Disabilities such as learning disability are termed “hidden disabilities” because the person suffering from it appears perfectly normal with intelligent behavior, but fails to match the expected skill level of a person of his age. Although disabilities like these are difficult to fix, proper treatment and therapy can help such individuals to achieve academic and career success and establish a place of their own in the society.

Types of Learning Disability

Learning disability is a wide term that covers a number of disorders that affect learning ability of a child.

Auditory Processing Disorder

Auditory Processing Disorder

This is a condition that affects the way sound travels through ear and the way it is deduced in the brain. People suffering from this disorder cannot differentiate between sounds of words; neither can they locate the source of the sound.



This is one of the learning disabilities that affect an individual’s ability to comprehend numbers and learn mathematical calculations. It also affects the ability to understand math symbols, arranging numbers and counting.



This particular learning disability affects a person’s fine motor skills and leads to difficulty in writing – causing illegible handwriting, poor spelling, hindered capacity to think and write at the same time, etc.



This disorder affects the reading and language-based processing skills of the individual, thus, causing problems in reading fluency, recalling, spellings, etc.

Non-Verbal Learning Disabilities

Non-Verbal Learning Disabilities

A disability in which the individual faces problems in understanding non-verbal communications such as evaluating facial expressions and body language.

Visual Perceptual/Visual Motor Deficit

Visual Perceptual/Visual Motor Deficit

In this disorder, the individual faces problem in comprehending information that he sees with his eyes.

Some Symptoms of Learning Disability

The symptoms of learning disability vary from child to child. Some of the common indicators of learning disability are as follows:

Facing difficulty in reading and writing

Difficulty in memorizing and recalling

Difficulty in coordination and following instructions

Difficulty in developing math skills


Problem in dealing with new situations

Difficulty in staying focused

Immature Speaking Ability

Problems in understanding words and sentences

Causes of Learning Disability

Doctors are not sure as to what exactly causes learning disability, but some of the possible contributing factors are as follows:

  • Heredity – The problem of learning disability can run in the family and it is common to find individuals with learning disability whose parents are close relatives also suffer from similar disorders.
  • Problems during pregnancy and birth – Certain disease or injury experienced before birth, low birth weight, premature birth, lack of oxygen in the womb or consumption of alcohol or drug by the mother during pregnancy can lead to learning disability in the child.
  • Incidents after Birth – Injuries, exposure to toxic substances or nutritional deprivation after birth can lead to learning disabilities.

Treatment of (Brain Training for) Learning Disability

Intensive brain training for learning disability requires developing of special skills and empowering the strengths of the child while compensating for the weaknesses.

  • Opt for special educational services that use modern technology and classroom modification to help the children learn.
  • Support the child, understand his needs, be a good listener and understand his strengths and weaknesses.
  • Get in touch with mental health professionals to treat problems of low self-esteem, frustration, etc.

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