Speech disability or speech disorder is a collection of problems that affects a person’s speech and hinders fluency of speech and the pronunciation of correct speech sounds. The individual might also have problems with his/her voice and may face difficulty in articulating words. Speech disability can be seen in both children and adults and can lead to emotional problems and low self-esteem. Speech disorders can affect fluency, voice and language of the child. If the problem is with fluency, then a disruption in the flow of speech is noticed in the form of stutters, abnormal repetition of words and hesitations. In case of voice disorder, the voice of the child may sound nasal or hoarse or even lead to loss of voice. If the problem is with language, then the child may face problem in understanding or using words to express his thoughts.
Speech disorder is caused due to damage of vocal cords, nerves and throat muscles. It can be genetic and run in the family or develop late in life. Some of the common causes of speech disorder are as follows:
The Brain Training for speech disabilities vary with the type of the disability and the basic treatment involves speech therapy exercises that help in normalizing the sound and fluency of speech.