Speech disability or speech disorder is a collection of problems that affects a person’s speech and hinders fluency of speech and the pronunciation of correct speech sounds. The individual might also have problems with his/her voice and may face difficulty in articulating words. Speech disability can be seen in both children and adults and can lead to emotional problems and low self-esteem. Speech disorders can affect fluency, voice and language of the child. If the problem is with fluency, then a disruption in the flow of speech is noticed in the form of stutters, abnormal repetition of words and hesitations. In case of voice disorder, the voice of the child may sound nasal or hoarse or even lead to loss of voice. If the problem is with language, then the child may face problem in understanding or using words to express his thoughts.

Some Symptoms of Speech Disabilities

Although it is difficult to diagnose the symptoms of autism before the baby reaches the age of 2 year, but treatments can show remarkable results if it can be diagnosed within 12 to 18 months. Some of the early autism symptoms in toddlers are as follows:

Unable to make eye contact

Doesn’t respond to familiar sounds

Doesn’t follow the movement of an object


Doesn’t smile

Doesn’t play with parents or other people

Doesn’t reach out to be lifted and cuddled

Causes of Speech Disabilities

Speech disorder is caused due to damage of vocal cords, nerves and throat muscles. It can be genetic and run in the family or develop late in life. Some of the common causes of speech disorder are as follows:

  • Brain Damage
  • Stroke
  • Respiratory Problems
  • Damage of Vocal Cords or Throat Muscles
  • Paralysis of Vocal Cords
  • Certain medical conditions such as Autism, ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder), oral cancer, Dementia can also cause speech disorders.

BFT for Speech Disabilities

The Brain Training for speech disabilities vary with the type of the disability and the basic treatment involves speech therapy exercises that help in normalizing the sound and fluency of speech.

  • Cases of mild speech disabilities are often cured on their own and don’t require any special treatment.
  • In case of serious speech disabilities, speech therapy may help in improving speech.
  • There is special speech therapy for children and adults that focus on strengthening the throat and face muscles and controlled breathing that help in improving sound of the words.
  • Special speech therapy techniques can help relieve depression, anxiety and nervousness caused by speech disorder.
  • Mental health care training that help in optimizing and enhancing brain function can also help in long term improvement of speech disorder.

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